Independent auditor's report
To: the general meeting and supervisory board of Beter Bed Holding N.V.
Report on the financial statements 2017
In our opinion:
- Beter Bed Holding N.V.’s consolidated financial statements give a true and fair view of the financial position of the Group as at 31 December 2017 and of its result and cash flows for the year then ended in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as adopted by the European Union (EU-IFRS) and with Part 9 of Book 2 of the Dutch Civil Code;
- Beter Bed Holding N.V.’s company financial statements give a true and fair view of the financial position of the Company as at 31 December 2017 and of its result for the year then ended in accordance with Part 9 of Book 2 of the Dutch Civil Code.
What we have audited
We have audited the accompanying financial statements 2017 of Beter Bed Holding N.V., Uden (‘the Company’). The financial statements include the consolidated financial statements of Beter Bed Holding N.V. and its subsidiaries (together: ‘the Group’) and the company financial statements.
The consolidated financial statements comprise:
- the consolidated balance sheet as at 31 December 2017;
- the following statements for 2017: the consolidated profit and loss account and the consolidated statement of comprehensive income, consolidated cash flow statement and consolidated statement of changes in equity; and
- the notes, comprising a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information.
The company financial statements comprise:
- the company balance sheet as at 31 December 2017;
- the company profit and loss account for the year then ended;
- the notes, comprising a summary of the accounting policies and other explanatory information.
The financial reporting framework that has been applied in the preparation of the financial statements is EU-IFRS and the relevant provisions of Part 9 of Book 2 of the Dutch Civil Code for the consolidated financial statements and Part 9 of Book 2 of the Dutch Civil Code for the company financial statements.
The basis for our opinion
We conducted our audit in accordance with Dutch law, including the Dutch Standards on Auditing. Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the section ‘Our responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements’ of our report.
We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion.
We are independent of Beter Bed Holding N.V. in accordance with the European Regulation on specific requirements regarding statutory audit of public interest entities, the ‘Wet toezicht accountantsorganisaties’(Wta, Audit firms supervision act), the ‘Verordening inzake de onafhankelijkheid van accountants bij assuranceopdrachten’ (ViO – Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants, a regulation with respect to independence) and other relevant independence requirements in the Netherlands. Furthermore, we have complied with the ‘Verordening gedrags- en beroepsregels accountants’ (VGBA – Code of Ethics for Professional Accountants, a regulation with respect to rules of professional conduct).
Our audit approach
Overview and context
Beter Bed Holding N.V. is a European retail- and wholesale organisation in the bedroom furnishing sector. The group is comprised of several components and therefore we considered our group audit scope and approach as set out in the section ‘The scope of our group audit’. We paid specific attention to the areas of focus driven by the operations of the company, being net revenue and inventories.
As part of designing our audit, we determined materiality and assessed the risks of material misstatement in the financial statements. In particular, we considered where the management board made important judgements; for example, in respect of significant accounting estimates that involved making assumptions and considering future events that are inherently uncertain. In the annual report, the entity has disclosed the accounting estimates and most important sources of estimation uncertainty in the section estimates. As a retail organisation the inventory makes up 42% of the balance sheet of Beter Bed Holding N.V. The valuation of this inventory contains an important estimation uncertainty which is partly based on management’s judgment. Given this uncertainty and the absolute volume of the inventory, we consider the existence and the valuation of the inventory a key audit matter. This has been further disclosed in the section ‘key audit matters’ of this auditor’s report.
Beter Bed Holding N.V. has strategic objectives related to increasing customer satisfaction and growth of both net revenue and market share. To reach these objectives investments are made in online solutions, shop formulas and extension of shops in different countries. Based on this, stakeholders are mainly referring to the development in net revenue. As a result, we have identified accuracy of net revenue as the second key audit matter in our audit. Furthermore, we have used net revenue as base in determining materiality as is further disclosed in the relevant section.
As in all of our audits, we also addressed the risk of management override of internal controls, including evaluating whether there was evidence of bias by the management board that may represent a risk of material misstatement due to fraud.
We ensured that the audit teams both at group and at component levels included the appropriate skills and competences which are needed for the audit. Therefore, we have included specialists in the areas of IT, income tax and employee benefits in our team.
The outline of our audit approach was as follows:
Key audit matters
The scope of our audit is influenced by the application of materiality which is further explained in the section ‘Our responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements’.
Based on our professional judgment, we determined certain quantitative thresholds for materiality, including the overall materiality for the financial statements as a whole as set out in the table below. These, together with qualitative considerations, helped us to determine the nature, timing and extent of our audit procedures on the individual financial statement line items and disclosures and to evaluate the effect of identified misstatements, both individually and in aggregate, on the financial statements as a whole and on our opinion.
Overall group materiality
€ 4,000,000 (2016: € 4,000,000).
Basis for determining materiality
We used our professional judgment to determine overall materiality. As a basis for our judgment we used 1% of total net revenue.
Rationale for benchmark applied
We have applied this benchmark, a generally accepted auditing practice, based on our analysis of the common information needs of users of the financial statements. On this basis we believe that net revenue is an important metric for the financial performance of the company. Profit before taxation is not considered an appropriate benchmark, because this would result in large fluctuations in overall group materiality year over year.
To each component in our audit scope, we, based on our judgement, allocate materiality that is less than our overall group materiality. The range of materiality allocated across components was between € 3,500,000 and € 4,000,000.
We also take misstatements and/or possible misstatements into account that, in our judgement, are material for qualitative reasons.
We agreed with the supervisory board that we would report to them misstatements identified during our audit above € 100,000 (2016: € 100,000) as well as misstatements below that amount that, in our view, warranted reporting for qualitative reasons.
The scope of our group audit
Beter Bed Holding N.V. is the parent company of a group of entities. The financial information of this group is included in the consolidated financial statements of Beter Bed Holding N.V.
We tailored the scope of our audit to ensure that we performed sufficient work to be able to give an opinion on the financial statements as a whole, taking into account the management structure of the Group, the nature of operations of its components, the accounting processes and controls, and the markets in which the components of the Group operate. In establishing the overall group audit strategy and plan, we determined the type of work required to be performed at the component level by the group engagement team and by each component auditor.
The group audit primarily focussed on the significant components: Beter Bed B.V. and BBH Services GmbH & Co. KG (consolidated). At the level of BBH Services GmbH & Co. KG a subconsolidation is made for the German entities.
We have performed an audit of the complete financial information for these two entities as these entities are individually significant considering their financial volumes. Additionally, three entities have been included in the group scope to achieve appropriate coverage on financial line items in the consolidated financial statements. Matratzen Concord GmbH (Vienna, Austria) was subjected to audit of their complete financial information and Beter Beheer B.V. and Beter Bed Holding N.V. were subjected to specific risk-focussed audit procedures.
In total, in performing these procedures, we achieved the following coverage on the financial line items:
Profit before tax
None of the remaining components represented more than 5% of total group net revenue or total group assets. For those remaining components we performed, among other things, analytical procedures to corroborate our assessment that there were no significant risks of material misstatements within those components.
The group audit team performed audit procedures on the components Beter Bed B.V., Beter Beheer B.V. and Beter Bed Holding N.V. As the auditor of the group we used the work performed by the component auditor of BBH Services GmbH & Co. KG (consolidated) and Matratzen Concord GmbH (Vienna, Austria).
Where the work was performed by the component auditor, we determined the level of involvement we needed to have in their audit work to be able to conclude whether sufficient appropriate audit evidence had been obtained as a basis for our opinion on the consolidated financial statements as a whole.
Before the start of their audit procedures we have shared detailed instructions including the results of our risk analysis which were performed as part of our audit of the financial statements of Beter Bed Holding N.V. The group audit team has assessed all reports related to the audit approach and findings of the component auditor. For both entities the group audit team reviewed specific relevant workpapers in the audit file of the component auditor. Furthermore, the group engagement team visited the component team multiple times throughout the year and for example attended the year end clearance meeting on site in Germany for BBH Services GmbH & Co. KG (consolidated) and Matratzen Concord GmbH (Vienna, Austria).
The group consolidation, financial statement disclosures and a number of complex items such as share based payments, income tax and related disclosures and the company statements are audited by the group engagement team at the head office.
By performing the procedures above at components, combined with additional procedures at group level, we have been able to obtain sufficient and appropriate audit evidence on the Group’s financial information, as a whole, to provide a basis for our opinion on the financial statements.
Key audit matters
Key audit matters are those matters that, in our professional judgement, were of most significance in the audit of the financial statements. We have communicated the key audit matters to the supervisory board. The key audit matters are not a comprehensive reflection of all matters that were identified by our audit and that we discussed. In this section, we described the key audit matters and included a summary of the audit procedures we performed on those matters.
The key audit matters were addressed in the context of our audit of the financial statements as a whole, and in forming our opinion thereon. We do not provide separate opinions on these matters or on specific elements of the financial statements. Any comments or observations we make on the results of our procedures should be read in this context.
The identified key audit matters are consistent with prior year.
Key audit matter
How our audit addressed the matter
Accuracy of net revenue
Note 12 to the consolidated profit and loss account in the financial statements
We have assessed and evaluated the design and existence of the most important (automated) internal controls implemented by management which are designed to ensure accurate processing of net revenue transactions.
Key audit matter
How our audit addressed the matter
Existence and valuation of inventories
Note 4 to the consolidated balance sheet in the financial statements
Our audit procedures to test the existence of the inventories mainly consist of testing the relevant internal control procedures, specifically by testing the inventory cycle counts that are periodically performed by management and the automated recording of sales transactions (three-way-match).
Report on the other information included in the annual report
In addition to the financial statements and our auditor’s report thereon, the annual report contains other information that consists of:
- Report of the management board;
- Corporate governance;
- Report of the supervisory board; and
- Remuneration report.
Based on the procedures performed as set out below, we conclude that the other information:
- is consistent with the financial statements and does not contain material misstatements;
- contains the information that is required by Part 9 of Book 2 of the Dutch Civil Code.
We have read the other information. Based on our knowledge and understanding obtained in our audit of the financial statements or otherwise, we have considered whether the other information contains material misstatements.
By performing our procedures, we comply with the requirements of Part 9 of Book 2 of the Dutch Civil Code and the Dutch Standard 720. The scope of such procedures was substantially less than the scope of those performed in our audit of the financial statements.
The management board is responsible for the preparation of the other information, including the directors’ report and the other information in accordance with Part 9 of Book 2 of the Dutch Civil Code.
Report on other legal and regulatory requirements
We were appointed as auditors of Beter Bed Holding N.V. on 19 May 2015 by the supervisory board following the passing of a resolution by the shareholders at the annual general meeting held on 19 May 2015 and the appointment has been renewed annually by shareholders representing a total period of uninterrupted engagement appointment of 3 years.
No prohibited non-audit services
To the best of our knowledge and belief, we have not provided prohibited non-audit services as referred to in Article 5 (1) of the European Regulation on specific requirements regarding statutory audit of public interest entities.
The services, in addition to the audit, that we have provided to the company and its controlled entities, for the period to which our statutory audit relates, are disclosed in note 21 to the financial statements.
Responsibilities for the financial statements and the audit
Responsibilities of the management board and the supervisory board for the financial statements
The management board is responsible for:
- the preparation and fair presentation of the financial statements in accordance with EU-IFRS and with Part 9 of Book 2 of the Dutch Civil Code; and for
- such internal control as the management board determines is necessary to enable the preparation of the financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
As part of the preparation of the financial statements, the management board is responsible for assessing the company’s ability to continue as a going concern. Based on the financial reporting frameworks mentioned, the management board should prepare the financial statements using the going-concern basis of accounting unless the management board either intends to liquidate the company or to cease operations, or has no realistic alternative but to do so. The management board should disclose events and circumstances that may cast significant doubt on the company’s ability to continue as a going concern in the financial statements.
The supervisory board is responsible for overseeing the company’s financial reporting process.
Our responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements
Our responsibility is to plan and perform an audit engagement in a manner that allows us to obtain sufficient and appropriate audit evidence to provide a basis for our opinion.
Our audit opinion aims to provide reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free from material misstatement. Reasonable assurance is a high but not absolute level of assurance which makes it possible that we may not detect all misstatements.
Misstatements may arise due to fraud or error. They are considered to be material if, individually or in the aggregate, they could reasonably be expected to influence the economic decisions of users taken on the basis of the financial statements. Materiality affects the nature, timing and extent of our audit procedures and the evaluation of the effect of identified misstatements on our opinion.
A more detailed description of our responsibilities is set out in the appendix to our report.
Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 1 March 2018
PricewaterhouseCoopers Accountants N.V.
Original has been signed by drs. W.C. van Rooij RA
Appendix to our auditor's report on the financial statement 2017 of Beter Bed Holding N.V.
In addition to what is included in our auditor’s report we have further set out in this appendix our responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements and explained what an audit involves.
The auditor’s responsibilities for the audit of the financial statements
We have exercised professional judgement and have maintained professional scepticism throughout the audit in accordance with Dutch Standards on Auditing, ethical requirements and independence requirements. Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.
Our audit consisted, among other things of the following:
- Identifying and assessing the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, designing and performing audit procedures responsive to those risks, and obtaining audit evidence that is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our opinion. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the intentional override of internal control.
- Obtaining an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the company’s internal control.
- Evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates and related disclosures made by the management board.
- Concluding on the appropriateness of the management board’s use of the going concern basis of accounting, and based on the audit evidence obtained, concluding whether a material uncertainty exists related to events and/or conditions that may cast significant doubt on the company’s ability to continue as a going concern. If we conclude that a material uncertainty exists, we are required to draw attention in our auditor’s report to the related disclosures in the financial statements or, if such disclosures are inadequate, to modify our opinion. Our conclusions are based on the audit evidence obtained up to the date of our auditor’s report and are made in the context of our opinion on the financial statements as a whole. However, future events or conditions may cause the company to cease to continue as a going concern.
- Evaluating the overall presentation, structure and content of the financial statements, including the disclosures, and evaluating whether the financial statements represent the underlying transactions and events in a manner that achieves fair presentation.
Considering our ultimate responsibility for the opinion on the company’s consolidated financial statements we are responsible for the direction, supervision and performance of the group audit. In this context, we have determined the nature and extent of the audit procedures for components of the group to ensure that we performed enough work to be able to give an opinion on the financial statements as a whole. Determining factors are the geographic structure of the group, the significance and/or risk profile of group entities or activities, the accounting processes and controls, and the industry in which the group operates. On this basis, we selected group entities for which an audit or review of financial information or specific balances was considered necessary.
We communicate with the supervisory board regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit and significant audit findings, including any significant deficiencies in internal control that we identify during our audit. In this respect we also issue an additional report to the audit committee in accordance with Article 11 of the EU Regulation on specific requirements regarding statutory audit of public-interest entities. The information included in this additional report is consistent with our audit opinion in this auditor’s report.
We provide the supervisory board with a statement that we have complied with relevant ethical requirements regarding independence, and to communicate with them all relationships and other matters that may reasonably be thought to bear on our independence, and where applicable, related safeguards.
From the matters communicated with the supervisory board, we determine those matters that were of most significance in the audit of the financial statements of the current period and are therefore the key audit matters. We describe these matters in our auditor’s report unless law or regulation precludes public disclosure about the matter or when, in extremely rare circumstances, not communicating the matter is in the public interest.